Glossary

B

Benzodiazepines: A type of tranquilising medication

Biostatistics: A type of statistics that looks at health sciences data

C

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): A type of therapy that looks at challenging and changing unhelpful thoughts and behaviours

D

Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT): A type of psychotherapy suitable for individuals with a history of multiple self-harm acts, often associated with Borderline Personality Disorder

E

Epidemiology: The study of the causes, distribution and control of disease in a population.

P

Protective Factors: Factors that reduce the risk of suicide, in this case

Psychosocial: Relating to the interaction between psychological and social factors

R

Risk Factors: Factors that increase the likelihood of suicide, in this case

S

Self-Harm: “an act with non-fatal outcome in which an individual deliberately initiates a non-habitual behaviour, that without intervention from others will cause self-harm, or deliberately ingests a substance in excess of the prescribed or generally recognised therapeutic dosage, and which is aimed at realising changes that the person desires via the actual or expected physical consequences.” The World Health Organisation (WHO)

SSRIs: Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors are a type of anti-depressant

Suicidal Ideation: Thinking about suicide or wanting to take one’s own life

Suicide: “The act of deliberately killings oneself” The World Health Organisation (WHO)

T

Therapeutic Range: The dosage range expected to achieve the desired clinical affect of the drug